What causes endometriosis?

The cause of endometriosis remains unknown, although there have been a few possible theories put forward. These include genetic predisposition, immune dysfunction and environmental causes.

What are the symptoms?

Endometriosis has similar symptoms to other gynaecological conditions, some of the common symptoms are:

  • Chronic pain
  • Heavy painful periods
  • Depressed mood
  • Fatigue


The only accurate way to diagnose it is with a laproscopy which involves a camera being inserted into the pelvis to check for signs of endometriosis.

How does Endometriosis affect fertility?

In endometriosis, tissue which usually lines the womb migrates elsewhere in the body. This tissue bleeds every month as part of the menstrual cycle. However, there is no way of this blood to exit the body, which can lead to inflammation and a build up of scar tissue. This may damage the reproductive organs.

Endometriosis & IVF treatment

There is currently no cure for endometriosis, but there are some treatments to relieve its symptoms. Sometimes endometriosis can be treated with surgery, such as the laparoscopy mentioned above, or by hormone treatment. However, while relieving the pain caused by endometriosis, such treatments can potentially damage fertility and should be undertaken with caution. In severe cases, removal of the ovaries or womb is recommended.

For infertility caused by endometriosis, rates of pregnancy are much improved with IVF treatment. Exactly which treatment is right for you depends on a variety of individual factors such as egg reserve, so we offer tailor-made treatment protocols depending on each patient’s needs.

Taking fertility drugs can sometimes exacerbate endometriosis, as the hormones can cause the lining of the womb to develop more quickly. Taking a more natural approach is therefore recommended. At Vitanova we give lower doses of drugs to our patients as we believe that this maximises the quality of the eggs collected and the environment of the womb for implantation. Our Natural and Mild treatments are therefore a good option as they minimise or eradicate the risks associated with taking stimulating drugs. Our Natural treatment in particular may be appropriate as it does not have any stimulating drugs whatsoever. One of our doctors will be able to advise you on the best course of action for your specific situation at an initial consultation & Scan.

We're open and ready to help you!

You can discuss treatments or any questions you have with one of our experienced Patient Advisors

Call us on: +45 33 33 71 01

Monday - Friday 8:00 - 15:30
Saturday 8:00 - 12:00
Sunday Closed

If you are ready to start IVF treatment and wish to book your Advanced Scan & Virtual Consultation you can do this easily online.

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